Nevertheless, experts do have some inkling of the cause, as the NIH reports on their website: Considerable evidence suggests that RLS is related to a dysfunction in the brain’s basal ganglia circuits that use the neurotransmitter dopamine, which is.
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These tests have been used to show that different functional territories within the basal ganglia — and the structures to which they are connected through the looped architecture — are responsible for goal-directed and habitual control of behaviour.
As he explained, a dystonia is an abnormal posture of a body part, thought to stem from a malfunction of the basal ganglia region of the brain, which helps regulate muscle movement. Whereas muscles generally work in pairs — one relaxes as the other.